Surveys have indicated that the possibility of conflict is quite large in families. One of the main reasons for that is due to a variety of individuals living under one roof. The larger the family, the larger the possibility of conflicts and problems. Family therapy is a psychotherapy technique that allows families to be immune to change and problems.
One of the biggest mistakes most families make on the surface of problems is to blame the individuals responsible for it. This is a recipe for disaster as, on most occasions, individuals are not responsible for causing problems. In fact, even if they do, the problems can be handled effectively with the help of family therapy.
Family therapy is practiced by licensed practitioners in the field of family therapy. Most family therapists draw techniques from other domains of psychotherapy, causing them to be eclectic in nature. In countries like the United Kingdom, one does not require a license to practice family therapy. In fact, this job is done by psychologists, nurses, social workers, and counselors.
What cases are covered under Family Therapy?
- Families where an individual suffers from a severe psychological or mental health disorder can be treated with the help of family therapy. The psychological disorders are but are not limited to schizophrenia, anxiety, depression, and conduct disorder. In most cases, when an individual suffers from any of these disorders, it tends to affect the whole family.
- Any other issues which impact the interaction levels in the family. A family is supposed to be a closely-knit tied unit in an ideal world. Practically, it does not translate so well, with many conflicts arising between various members at different times. Sometimes, the conflicts just go untreated, which may result in issues like divorce and estrangement.
What is the methodology of Family Therapy?
Family therapy draws almost all of its techniques from other forms of psychotherapy like the systems theory, communication theory, systemic coaching, and psycho-education. Systems theory, cybernetics, behavioral therapy, and cognitive psychotherapy form the core of the basic theory of a classical systemic family. Other forms of family therapy include structural family therapy, strategic family therapy, and more.
Typically, family therapy commences with the family members and the family therapist sitting in one room. To test the reactions of the family to a certain event, the Family therapist provides a range of situations to the participants. The therapist gauges the reactions of each participant and provides feedback to the family on his observations. In most cases, the therapist would also indicate to the family how they can improve their handling of the situation.
These sessions are important as the family themselves do not analyze their actions and reactions on a daily basis. Family mental health is critical to a family, which can be treated with the help of family psychotherapy. Mental health therapy and treatment programs differ as much as individuals themselves. If you or someone you know is in need of mental health services or programs, visit a mental health treatment center and find what treatment is available for you.