The body of a ball python is enlarged with scales and about 250 vertebrae. The length of the females usually does not measure more than 1.5 m on average and the males, slightly thinner and of smaller length, rarely exceed 1.3 m. At birth, a ball python measures between 25cm and 35cm. Its weight in the adult state is around 2 kg, being able to reach 5 kg or even more. Its life span is usually 20 to 30 years.
The ball python is the species of the smallest python genus that exists in the world. The reason for its name is due to its behavior because when it feels threatened, it twines over its own body hiding head and forming a ‘ball’ shape to self-protect.
It is a snake that, although a good climber, spends most of its time in burrows of termites or rodents. The ball python is a constricting snake that is not poisonous, that is to say, it feeds by affixing its prey and then engulfs it. It is a soft, shy and harmless to touch snake that combined with its good temperament, relatively easy care and amount of color patterns has become one of the most popular exotic pets in the recent years.
The ball python generally feeds on rodents such as mice, rats, gerbils, hamsters, etc. Many reptiles need UVB lighting but it is not the case of ball python, although it could be placed in the terrarium, it does not really need it.
The most common color pattern of the ball python is a dark brown while they have variable and different types of patterns and colorations known as phases.
The tropical zone of Africa is the place of origin of the ball pythons. The In the wilds, they usually hide during the day in the abandoned burrows of rodents and termites. This is because the temperature inside is much more stable at the construction level. They leave their shelter in search of prey during the night and have ambushes near the entrance being really fast.
In times of rain, their behavior changes and they stop spending so much time underground. They spend this season outside the shelter among the vegetation, but observing them is quite complicated since the tall grass often prevents them from easily locating them.
The females normally spend 2 or 3 months without eating before laying the eggs and 2 more to incubate them. This makes a total of 4 or 5 months in which the female will generally not accept food.