1 – Ecologically Oriented Architecture
The ecological or green architecture focuses its attention on the designs that maximize the utility of the natural resources of the place in order to minimize the negative effects on the environment caused by the new construction. In this way, it is not only possible to care for the environment that surrounds the place, but also the people who inhabit it.
The starting point for any ecological design is the consideration and study of the climatic conditions of the place where the construction is to be erected. Among the climatic characteristics, special attention is given to the projection of the sun, rains, winds and hydrography of the place. The objective of this type of buildings is to minimize the use of energy, whether from renewable sources or not.
In general, an attempt is made to design a system of self-sustainability. Another point that is taken into account is that if the materials with which it is constructed are ecological or not as they always ecological material and the green products are given priority. Generally speaking, these types of constructions are more expensive than conventional ones.
2 – Gastronomic Architecture
Currently, there are several trends in defining the setting of a gastronomic venue. But they all seek to generate an experience that is perceived through the senses and that allows the dwellers to be linked sentimentally with the place.
The design depends on the characteristics of the business, the type of food served, and the sector of the target audience. The objective is to satisfy the operational, marketing and service aspects. The latest trend in this branch of architecture is sectorization, that is, the creation of different spaces with different levels of intimacy.
Two elements that combine very well are art and gastronomy. The entertainment offer varies according to the target audience. The options can range from a theatrical show to the performance of a live DJ. As for the design, the minimalism and the rustic, but the choice depends on the type of food offered by the restaurant.
3 – Zen Style Architecture
The Zen Style Architecture has come to impose a trend that has spread throughout most of the West. It is one of the most avant-garde in the world of architecture and decoration and the western population has been drawn to it as a method of escape from the materialism that characterizes the west with the spirituality of the peoples of the east.
It tends to seek complete harmony in all states of life, helping to achieve nirvana through a supportive environment. The colors used are neutral or white while the beech wood floors and the design of all accessories including furniture should have the simplest form possible. For this reason, the straight lines are preferred, just as you try to have the fewest obstacles. Avoid over-population of furniture, allow the maximum entrance of sunlight and include the natural element adornments like small water sources, stones and candles.
What are the Characteristics of Egyptian Architecture?
The most influential Egyptian architecture studied in the history of art are the tombs and temples of the Ancient Egypt (3000 BC – 30 BC) that have survived to the present day. These buildings, in addition to their own architectural value, have preserved in excellent condition with the Egyptian works of art such as statues, bas-reliefs, jewels or painted papyrus. In this post, we will talk about the major characteristics of the Egyptian architecture.
The architecture of the Ancient Egypt was very determined by its environment and geographical isolation. Proof of this include, for example, the use of large quantities of materials that abounded in the environment and the contained evolution of a culture isolated from outside influences that remains intact in essence for three millennia.
The most famous architectural works of the Egyptian art are those that are best preserved, the constructions planned for eternity. Tombs and funerary stone temples that have not been as affected by the passage of time as the adobe civil architecture exposed to the floods of the Nile River. The general characteristics of Egyptian architecture are as follows;
Religious Function and Funeral
The religious beliefs are clearly present in Egyptian architecture, especially the belief in the afterlife and the divine character of the pharaohs. The tombs and temples are subject to these doctrines.
The tombs and temples have a symbolic and magical aspect, intimately linked with their religious functions, which transcend the material architectural forms. Included in this symbolism is the architectural decoration with hieroglyphs, bas-reliefs and mythological statues such as sphinxes
These religious buildings were designed to withstand the eternity and, therefore, they are robust constructions made with great stones of limestone mingled without mixture, with very thick walls and in slope, few spans, cover and an abundance of columns with capitals of vegetable and proto-motifs.
The beauty in Egyptian architecture is sought and found in the mathematical proportions and in simple geometric forms with predominance of straight and horizontal lines.
The monumental size of these works transcends human proportions into the divine. Not only are buildings worthy of gods, but they exalt the greatness of the kingdom and its rulers.
There is no doubt that the Egyptian architecture is one of the most impressive masterpieces in the history and it continues to appeal and inspire the architectural field in the date of today.